Skip to main content

Asher ben Meshullam Ha-Kohen of Lunel


ASHER BEN MESHULLAM HA-KOHEN OF LUNEL (late 12th century), Provençal talmudist; known as the "Rosh of Lunel." He was the son of *Meshullam b. Jacob of Lunel and brother of *Aaron b. Meshullam of Lunel. He lived an ascetic life and was referred to as a parush ("hermit") by Benjamin of Tudela. Judah ibn Tibbon, who copied for Asher the Tikkun Middot ha-Nefesh of Ibn Gabirol (Steinschneider, Oẓerot Ḥayyim, 366), praised Asher for his positive attitude toward science and encouraged his son's friendship with Asher. Few of his responsa and decisions have been preserved in the works of others, and only fragments of his halakhic works have been preserved. Several talmudic comments quoted in the Sefer ha-Hashlamah of his nephew, *Meshullam b. Moses, are attributed to Asher, as well as a treatise on the laws of niddui and ḥerem ("banning and excommunication"). Asher was the author of Sefer ha-Mattanot (extracts of which were published by S. Assaf – see bibliography), a work which is modeled on the Sefer ha-Mattanah of Samuel b. Hophni. Asher apparently wrote a comprehensive work covering the whole of civil law of which Sefer ha-Mattanot formed only a part. The whole book was based on the Sefer ha-Din of Judah b. Barzillai al-Bargeloni.


J. Lubetzky (ed.), Sefer ha-Hashlamah, 1 (1885), x–xii (pref.); S. Assaf, Mi-Sifrut ha-Ge'onim (1933), 1–31; Gross, Gal Jud, 280–1; E. Urbach, Mazkeret … Herzog (1962), 411–3.

[Yehoshua Horowitz]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Asher ben Meshullam Ha-Kohen of Lunel." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 23 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Asher ben Meshullam Ha-Kohen of Lunel." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (February 23, 2019).

"Asher ben Meshullam Ha-Kohen of Lunel." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved February 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.