Alberdingk Thijm, Josephus Albertus
ALBERDINGK THIJM, JOSEPHUS ALBERTUS
Dutch poet and pioneer of Catholic emancipation; b. Amsterdam, Aug. 13, 1820; d. Amsterdam, March 17, 1889. He grew up in a middle-class family and embarked on a business career, but he soon started to write romantic poems with a mystical tinge. He later developed a theory that the connection of art and beauty with religion should be an intrinsic part of human life and of society. A militant Catholic, he combatted the mediocrity and narrow-mindedness of many fellow Catholics. Against them he defended the necessity of good theater and a friendship with non-Catholic authors, in whose periodicals he wrote essays and poetry. He equally contested growing agnostic materialism, for example, in Het Voorgeborchte (1851) and Magdalena van Vaernewijck (1851). In this respect he followed his admired master, Willem Bilderdijk (1756–1831), Holland's first romantic poet and the protagonist of a Protestantism based on sentiment. The poet E. J. Potgieter (1808–75) gave his friend Thijm the title of Catholic romantic and encouraged him to elevate Catholic culture.
Under this impulse, Thijm began to understand the greatness of Holland's 17th-century "golden age," a period he had considered pagan and heretical. He became the enthusiastic admirer of Vondel, Holland's greatest poet. Thijm's Portretten van Joost van den Vondel (1876) inaugurated a long series of studies of Vondel by Catholic scholars. Prior to his interest in the 17th century, Thijm had seen in the Middle Ages, then generally thought of as "dark," support for his ideals of Catholic unity and harmony. Several of his short stories recapture medieval life and thought, e.g., De klok van Delft (1846), Legenden en Fantasien (1847), De organist van de Dom (1849), Karolingische verhalen (1851, Carolingian Tales), and Geertrude van Oosten (1853). He was also active in the field of art, especially in architecture. One of his best essays, De heilige Linie (1875, The Holy Line), discusses the symbolism of church architecture. In 1876 he was appointed professor in art history at the Academy of Arts in Amsterdam. He was unable to understand younger authors, however, including his own son, Karel (pseudonym, Lodewijk van Deyssel), and lost contact with the young painters, who, like the authors, tended toward naturalism. They in their turn respected him, but considered him the representative of an era that had lost its reason for existence.
Bibliography: Werken, ed. j. f. m. sterck, 7 v. (The Hague 1908–20). A. J. (pseud.), J. A. Alberdingk Thijm (Amsterdam 1893), biog. by his son. w. bennink, Alberdingk Thijm: Kunst en Karakter (Nijmegen 1952). g. brom, Alberdingk Thym (Utrecht 1956).
[j. i. mendels]
"Alberdingk Thijm, Josephus Albertus." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/alberdingk-thijm-josephus-albertus
"Alberdingk Thijm, Josephus Albertus." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/alberdingk-thijm-josephus-albertus
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.