Skip to main content

Alacoque, Margaret Mary, St.

ALACOQUE, MARGARET MARY, ST.

Contemplative nun of the visitation order; b. Lauthecourt, France, July 22, 1647; d. Paray-le-Monial, Oct. 17, 1690. Margaret was the fifth of seven children of Claude Alacoque, a royal notary, and Philiberte Lamyn. The family was esteemed by members of the nobility, whose names appear frequently as sponsors on the Baptism register. Margaret's education was limited to the training received in the home of her godmother and, after the death of her father, to the two years spent at the boarding school of the Urbanists, where she made her first Communion. Illness required her withdrawal, and the next 15 years were spent with her mother in painful dependence on nearby relatives. During this period, her attraction to suffering and her grace of contemplative prayer were intensified. On July 20, 1671, Margaret Mary entered Paray-le-Monial, and was professed Nov. 6 of the next year. Between 1673 and 1675 she received the revelations. The first commissioned her to spread devotion to the sacred heart; the second requested Communion and the holy hour of reparation; the last expressed a wish for a special feast day in honor of the Sacred Heart. Margaret Mary lived the devotion, and amid contradiction and opposition worked for its recognition within her order. The exterior apostolate was confided to the Jesuits, among whom Saint Claude de la colombiÈre had been chosen to sanction the revelations. She was beatified by Pius IX, Sept. 18, 1864, and canonized by Benedict XV, May 13, 1920.

Feast: Oct. 16.

Bibliography: m. m. alacoque, Letters, tr. c. a. herbst (Chicago 1954); The Autobiography, tr. v. kerns (Westminster, Md. 1961); Vie et oeuvres de sainte Marguerite-Marie Alacoque, ed. r. darricau, 2 vols. (Paris 19901993). p. blanchard, Sainte Marguerite-Marie: Expérience et doctrine (Paris 1961). l. cristiani, Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque and the Promises of the Sacred Heart, tr. m. a. bouchard (Boston 1975). j. croiset, The devotion to the Sacred Heart of Our Lord Jesus Christ, tr. p. o'connell from the French of the final edition published at Lyons, 1694 (Milwaukee 1976). h. ghÉon, Secrets of the saints, tr. f. j. sheed and d. attwater (London 1973). a. hamon, Vie de Ste. Marguerite Marie (Paris 1924), with full bibliography. j. ladame, Doctrine et spiritualité de sainte Marguerite-Marie (Montsûrs 1979); Les faits de Paray-le-Monial (Paris 1970). h. montaigu, Paray-le-Monial, ou, Le Ciel intérieur (Paris 1979). a. butler, The Lives of the Saints, ed. h. thurston and d. attwater (New York 1956) 4:134138. j. bainvel, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique (Paris 190350) 3.1: 320351.

[m. l. lynn]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Alacoque, Margaret Mary, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 11 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Alacoque, Margaret Mary, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 11, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/alacoque-margaret-mary-st

"Alacoque, Margaret Mary, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 11, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/alacoque-margaret-mary-st

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.