Adler-Rudel, Salomon

views updated


ADLER-RUDEL, SALOMON (1894–1975), social worker. He was born in Czernowitz, Austro-Hungary (now Ukraine). Adler-Rudel was director of the Welfare Organization of Eastern Jews in Berlin (1919–30) and was active in developing welfare services for Jewish migrants from Eastern Europe. As director of the Berlin Jewish community's department of productive welfare from 1930 to 1934, he contributed to programs to reduce dependence and to increase self-support among welfare cases. From 1926 to 1929 he served as editor of the Juedische Arbeits – und Wanderfuersorge. When the Nazis came to power, he moved to London where he was administrator of the *Central British Fund (1936–45). During World War ii, he was prominent in rescue activities of Jews from Europe. After the war he settled in Ereẓ Israel and was director of the Jewish Agency's department of international relations. In this capacity, he prepared agreements with the International Refugee Organization and other international migration bodies for the transfer to Israel of the "hard-core" cases in the European Displaced Persons Camps. From 1958 he was director of the *Leo Baeck Institute for German Jews in Jerusalem. In 1959 he published Ostjuden in Deutschland 1880–1940.

[Jacob Neusner]