Qadhaffi, Muʿammar

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Qadhaffi, Muʿammar (b. 1938). Libyan leader, founding his revolution (and Green Book) on Islamic principles. In 1975, he began to publish the Green Book. His basic aim was to return to the original Islam of the 7th cent., with direct, not representative, democracy, ‘partners, not wage-earners’, and respect for natural ways of life.