Skip to main content

Kadam

Kadam (bka'.gdams, ‘advice’). A school of Tibetan Buddhism which gave rise to the Geluk school under Tsong Khapa in the 15th cent. CE. The Kadam school was founded by Dromdon (ʾbrom.ston), a pupil of Atiśa, with the establishment of the Radreng monastery in 1056, in answer to a need felt by Atiśa and Dromdon for monastic reform and discipline. At this time the saṅgha was not well ordered, and the interpretation of both ‘new’ tantras flowing in from India, and of ‘old’ tantras already in Tibet, was not always well disciplined. The value of tantric practice was not denied by the Kadampas, but its students were given greater guidance as to the symbolic nature of the tantras and most importantly were taught to see them as founded upon the sūtra tradition. The Kadam school became renowned not only for its discipline (which involved four major abstentions—from marriage, intoxication, money, and travel) but also for the magical power of its ritual.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Kadam." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Kadam." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/kadam

"Kadam." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved December 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/kadam

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.