Skip to main content


Brahmasūtra. An ancient Indian work which systematizes the teachings of the Upaniṣȧds concerning Brahman, Ultimate Reality, in 555 elliptic verses or sūtras. It is attributed to Bādarāyaṇa, a sage of the 1st cent. BCE, but may have been compiled in its final form several centuries later. Other names for the Brahmasūtra are encountered in Indian literature: the Vedāntasūtra or Uttaramīmāṃsāsūtra, because it outlines the philosophy of Vedānta; the Bādarāvaṇasūtra, named after its supposed author; the Vyāsasūtra, so-named by another tradition which credits its authorship to the sage Vyāsa; and the Śārīrakasūtra, because it is an investigation of ‘that which is embodied’, i.e. the individual self according to Śaṅkara, or Brahman according to Rāmānuja. See also BRAHMAJIJÑĀSĀ.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Brahmasūtra." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . 19 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Brahmasūtra." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . (March 19, 2019).

"Brahmasūtra." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved March 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.