Yingluck Shinawatra (yēng´lŭk´ shĬ´näwät) 1967–, Thai business executive and political leader, first female prime minister of Thailand (2011–14), grad. Chiang Mai Univ. (B.A., 1988), Kentucky State Univ. (M.P.A., 1991). The youngest sister of Thaksin Sinawatra and a member of one of Thailand's wealthiest families, she worked as an executive in several family companies. By 2009, however, she was regarded as a possible political successor to the exiled Thaksin, and in May, 2011, with Thaksin's support she became the lead candidate of the Phuea Thai party (For Thais party; PTP), a regrouping of pro-Thaksin politicians. Although a political novice, she proved an adept campaigner, and when the PTP won a majority in 2011, Yingluck became prime minister of a multiparty coalition government. In 2013 she became minister of defense as well. She was forced to resign as prime minister in 2014 after the constitutional court ruled her government was guilty of abuse of power in its 2011 transfer of the national security chief, and the military subsequently took power in a coup. Despite having been removed from office, she was impeached (2015) and banned from office for five years on charges relating to corruption in a subsidy program for rice farmers and then charged with criminal negligence with respect to the program.
"Yingluck Shinawatra." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/yingluck-shinawatra
"Yingluck Shinawatra." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved May 23, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/yingluck-shinawatra
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.