Turkmenbashi or Türkmenbaşy (tûrk´mənbä´shē), formerly Krasnovodsk (krəsnəvôtsk´), city (1991 pop. 59,500), W Turkmenistan, on the Krasnovodsk Gulf of the Caspian Sea. It is the western terminus of oil and natural gas pipelines and of the Trans-Caspian RR, which links the Caspian region with central Asia. An oil-refining center, the city also is a transshipment point for agricultural produce. The city was founded in 1869.
"Turkmenbashi." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/turkmenbashi
"Turkmenbashi." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved February 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/turkmenbashi