Filippo Turati, 1857–1932, Italian political leader. An advocate of a moderate, nonviolent form of socialism, Turati cofounded the Italian Socialist party in 1892. In 1926, threatened by the growing fascist movement, he fled the country, escaping in a small boat to Corsica. From there, he traveled to Paris, where he spent the remainder of his life as the head of an antifascist coaltion.
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