Skip to main content

Sigel, Franz

Franz Sigel (fränts sē´gəl), 1824–1902, Union general in the American Civil War, b. Sinsheim, Baden, Germany. An officer in the army of Baden, he was a leader (1848–49) of the Baden revolutionary forces. After Prussia suppressed them (1849), he fled to Switzerland and then to England. Emigrating to the United States in 1852, he lived first in New York City and then in St. Louis. There at the beginning of the Civil War he organized the 3d Missouri Volunteers. His command was routed at Wilson's Creek, but Sigel later distinguished himself in the campaign that rid Missouri of Confederate forces. He led a corps at the second battle of Bull Run (Aug., 1862). In 1864 he was given command of the Dept. of West Virginia, but after General Breckinridge defeated him at New Market (May), he was replaced by David Hunter. After the war Sigel moved (1867) to New York City, where he held several political offices and was an editor of German periodicals.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Sigel, Franz." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 15 Dec. 2018 <>.

"Sigel, Franz." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (December 15, 2018).

"Sigel, Franz." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 15, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.