Skip to main content

Rykov, Aleksey Ivanovich

Aleksey Ivanovich Rykov (əlyĬksyā´ ēvä´nəvĬch rē´kôf), 1881–1938, Russian revolutionary and Communist leader. A Bolshevik, he became commissar for the interior after the October Revolution of 1917 and a member of the Politburo in 1922. On Lenin's death (1924) he succeeded as chairman of the council of commissars (i.e., premier of the USSR). He joined Stalin in the 1926 polemical struggle which saw the humbling of Zinoviev and Kamenev and the exile of Trotsky. Rykov was in turn accused (1929) of "rightist deviation" when Stalin switched camps and advocated a drastic collectivization program, which Rykov had opposed. Rykov was forced to admit his "errors" and was expelled from the Politburo; Molotov succeeded him as premier. Rykov received a secondary post in 1931. He was a victim of the party purges of the 1930s and was executed after a public trial for treason.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Rykov, Aleksey Ivanovich." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 18 Aug. 2018 <>.

"Rykov, Aleksey Ivanovich." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (August 18, 2018).

"Rykov, Aleksey Ivanovich." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 18, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.