Skip to main content

Pople, Sir John Anthony

Sir John Anthony Pople (pōp´əl), 1925–2004, British computational chemist. Trained as a mathematician at Cambridge (B.A. 1946, Ph.D. 1951), he worked at Cambridge (1951–58) and England's National Physical Laboratory (1958–64) then lived in the United States where he taught at Carnegie-Mellon Univ. (1964–93) and Northwestern Univ. (1993–2004). During the 1960s he first developed a computer program that modeled the properties and activity of molecules in chemical reactions, and in 1970 the Gaussian-70 computational chemistry program was published. Pople shared the 1998 Nobel Prize in chemistry with Walter Kohn for the development of methods that permit chemists to analyze theoretically the properties of molecules and chemical reactions. He was knighted in 2003.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Pople, Sir John Anthony." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 15 Dec. 2018 <>.

"Pople, Sir John Anthony." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (December 15, 2018).

"Pople, Sir John Anthony." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 15, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.