Skip to main content

Oscar II

Oscar II, 1829–1907, king of Sweden (1872–1907) and Norway (1872–1905), younger son of Oscar I. He succeeded his brother, Charles XV. He refused to concede to Norway its own consular representation, thus increasing the tension between Norway and the crown. In 1905, Norway completely severed its union with Sweden, and Oscar relinquished the Norwegian throne. During the later part of his reign, Swedish industry made great progress. Oscar was a man of culture and an able musician and writer. His best-known work is a life of Charles XII. His son Gustavus V succeeded him.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Oscar II." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 20 Apr. 2018 <>.

"Oscar II." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (April 20, 2018).

"Oscar II." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 20, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.