Skip to main content

Nicole, Pierre

Pierre Nicole (pyĕr nēkôl´), 1625–95, French Jansenist writer. He studied and taught at Port-Royal abbey, the center of Jansenism (see under Jansen, Cornelis). One of his pupils there was Racine. He worked with Pascal on the Provinciales. His chief writings in his mission of popularizing Jansenism were two series of epistolary essays, Les Visionnaires and Lettres sur l'hérésie imaginaire. In 1679 he fled with Antoine Arnauld to Belgium, but he became reconciled with the authorities and returned to Paris in 1683. Subsequently he led in the attack on quietism.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Nicole, Pierre." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 20 Jun. 2018 <>.

"Nicole, Pierre." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (June 20, 2018).

"Nicole, Pierre." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved June 20, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.