Montespan, Françoise Athénaïs, marquise de
Françoise Athénaïs Montespan, marquise de (fräNswäz´ ätānäēs´ märkēz´ də môNtəspäN´), 1641–1707, mistress of King Louis XIV of France. She was maid of honor to Queen Marie Thérèse and replaced (c.1667) Mlle de La Vallière as the king's mistress. She bore the king several children. Their education was entrusted to Mme de Maintenon, who succeeded her in the king's favor. She later retired to a convent.
See H. N. Williams, Madame de Montespan (1903); F. Mossiker, The Affair of the Poisons (1970).