Mawlamyine (mô´ləmīn´) or Moulmein, (mŏŏlmān´, mōl–), city (1983 pop. 219,991), SE Myanmar, near the mouth of the Thanlwin (Salween) River; the third largest city of Myanmar and the capital of Mon State. A river port and commercial center, it has teak mills and shipyards; rice, tea, teak wood, and rubber are exported. From 1826 to 1852, it was the chief town of British Burma. A pagoda in the city is referred to in Rudyard Kipling's poem "Mandalay."