Skip to main content

Khalkidhikí

Khalkidhikí (khälkēŧħēkē´) or Chalcidice (kălsĬd´Ĭsē), peninsula (1991 pop. 92,117), NE Greece, projecting into the Aegean Sea from SE Macedonia. Its southern extremity terminates in three peninsulas: Kassandra (anc. Gr. Pallene) in the west, Sithonia in the center, and Athos in the east. The region is largely mountainous, dry, and agricultural. Olive oil, wine, wheat, and tobacco are produced; magnesite is mined. In antiquity the peninsula was famous for its timber. Olynthus and Potidaea were the chief towns in antiquity; Poliyiros is today the leading town and an administrative center. The peninsula was named for Khalkís, which established colonies there in the 8th and 7th cent. BC In the 4th cent. BC the peninsula was conquered by Philip II of Macedon, and in the 2d cent. BC by Rome. The subsequent history of Khalkidhikí is essentially that of Thessaloníki.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Khalkidhikí." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 May. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Khalkidhikí." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/khalkidhiki

"Khalkidhikí." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved May 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/khalkidhiki

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.