Mikhailo Hrushevsky (mēkhəyēl´ō hrŏŏshĕf´skē), 1866–1934, Ukrainian historian and statesman. Hrushevsky's monumental History of Ukraine (10 vol., 1899–1937) covers the period to 1658. Other works include A History of Ukraine (tr. 1941) and History of Ukrainian Literature (5 vol., 1922–27). Hrushevsky argued that the period of the Kievan state (10th–13th cent.) belonged to Ukraine only, thus repudiating the Russian nationalist tradition that traced the history of Russia from ancient Kiev. He became president of the republic of Ukraine on its proclamation in Jan., 1918. After the German occupation of Ukraine, he fled (1918) to Austria, returning in 1924. In 1930 he was exiled from Kiev by the Soviet authorities.