Skip to main content


Hawick (hô´îk), town (1991 pop. 16,213), Scottish Borders, S Scotland, on the Teviot River. The largest Scottish town on the English border, Hawick is famous for its woolens and tweeds. Besides the manufacture of knitwear, Hawick's industries include dye works and light engineering plants. It also serves as a market and commercial center for remote farm areas. The house of the barons of Drumlanrig was the only building not burned by the English during a border raid in 1570. St. Mary's Church (1763) stands on the site of a 7th-century Celtic church.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Hawick." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 12 Dec. 2018 <>.

"Hawick." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (December 12, 2018).

"Hawick." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 12, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.