Henry Clews, c.1836–1923, American financier, b. England. He emigrated to the United States c.1850 and joined an import business as a junior clerk. In 1859 he cofounded the banking firm that later became Livermore, Clews, and Company, the second largest marketer of federal bonds during the Civil War. His own firm, Clews and Company, was formed in 1877. Refusing public office, he nevertheless organized the "Committee of 70," which deposed the Tweed Ring in New York City. He served as President Grant's economic consultant in Japan and wrote and lectured widely on diverse social, political, and economic issues. He wrote Fifty Years in Wall Street (1908).