Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, founded 1895; the Cincinnati Orchestra (est. 1872) formed the nucleus of the orchestra. Since 1896 its concerts have been held in the 3,516-seat Springer Auditorium at the Music Hall (built 1878) in downtown Cincinnati. Conducted by Frank Van der Stucken from its founding until 1907, it was led by Leopold Stokowski from 1909 to 1912. Fritz Reiner was music director from 1922 to 1931 when he was succeeded by Eugene Goosens, who held the podium until 1947. Later conductors included Max Rudolf (1958–70), Thomas Schippers (1970–77), and Jesús López-Cobos (1986–2001). Paarvo Järva became music director in 2001. The orchestra also has a summer season and Pops concerts, conducted by Erich Kunzel since 1977, at Cincinnati's outdoor Riverbend Music Center.
"Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cincinnati-symphony-orchestra
"Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cincinnati-symphony-orchestra
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.