Carolus-Duran (kärôlüs´-düräN´), 1837–1917, French painter whose original name was Charles Auguste Émile Durand. He was influenced by Courbet and studied in Lille and Paris. In 1861 he won a pension and traveled in Italy and Spain. Best known as the teacher of many famous painters (including Sargent), he became the director of the Académie de France à Rome in 1905. The Louvre has many of his portraits. His study of Mrs. William Astor is in the Metropolitan Museum.
"Carolus-Duran." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/carolus-duran
"Carolus-Duran." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/carolus-duran