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Bugenhagen, Johann

Johann Bugenhagen (yō´hän bōō´gənhä´gən), 1485–1558, German Protestant reformer. Born in Pomerania, he is sometimes called Dr. Pomeranus. Bugenhagen, an ordained priest, was attracted to the reform movement by Martin Luther's writings. In 1521 he went to Wittenberg and entered upon a lasting friendship with Luther and Melanchthon. He was a lecturer in the university and pastor of the principal church in Wittenberg. Much of Bugenhagen's attention was devoted to ecclesiastical and educational organization in Brunswick, Hamburg, Lübeck, Pomerania, and Denmark. Bugenhagen helped Luther in his translation of the Bible. Of his own literary works the most important is Interpretatio in librum Psalmorum (1523).

See biography by W. M. Ruccius (1924).

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