Brzezinski, Zbigniew Kazimierz
Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski (zbĬg´nyĕv käzēm´yĕsh brəzhĬn´skē), 1928–, American political scientist and public official, b. Warsaw, Poland, grad. Harvard (Ph.D, 1953). The son of a diplomat, he was raised in Canada and became (1958) a U.S. citizen. A professor of international relations at Harvard (1953–60), Columbia (1960–89), and Johns Hopkins (1989–), he was a Soviet specialist and an influential voice regarding political affairs in the Communist world. As President Carter's national security adviser (1977–81), he advocated a hard line toward the USSR. In 1981 he resumed his academic career, writing extensively on U.S. strategic relations, the collapse of Communism, and America's security challenges. His books include Ideology and Power in Soviet Politics (1962, repr., 1976), Between Two Ages (1970, repr. 1982), The Grand Failure (1989), The Grand Chessboard (1997), The Choice: Global Domination or Global Leadership (2004), Second Chance: Three Presidents and the Crisis of American Superpower (2007), and Strategic Power: America and the Crisis of Global Power (2012).
See his memoirs, Power and Principle (1983); study by C. Gati, ed. (2013).
"Brzezinski, Zbigniew Kazimierz." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/brzezinski-zbigniew-kazimierz
"Brzezinski, Zbigniew Kazimierz." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved March 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/brzezinski-zbigniew-kazimierz
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.