Internationale Zeitschrift Für (Ärtzliche) Psychoanalyse
INTERNATIONALE ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR (ÄRTZLICHE) PSYCHOANALYSE
In the wake of conflicts concerning the Zentralblatt für Psychoanalyse, the directorate of the International Psychoanalytic Association passed a vote of no confidence in the editor Wilhelm Stekel on November 24, 1912. A new review, the Internationale Zeitschrift für (ärtzliche) Psychoanalyse (International Review of [Medical] Psychoanalysis), was founded with Hugo Heller, and from 1913 it replaced the Zentralblatt as the official organ of the IPA. It was directed by Sigmund Freud with an editorial committee initially consisting of Sándor Ferenczi, Otto Rank, and Ernest Jones.
The creation of this review reflects the efforts of the IPA to define strict limits in relation to other psychoanalytic schools emerging at the time. Its declared aim was first of all to provide structures for scientific communication, even outside of congresses, between the different associations interested in receiving international psychoanalytic training. Apart from clinical and theoretical contributions, the Internationale Zeitschrift für (ärtzliche) Psychoanalyse therefore included a considerable number of reviews of contemporary literature as well as an IPA correspondence section bringing together documents concerning the activities of the different groups. It is impossible to overestimate the importance of this review, which brought together on this central stage and around psychoanalysis early scientific discussions involving all the pioneers of the day.
Faced with financial problems toward the end of World War I, Hugo Heller editions could no longer undertake to publish the review and, in 1919, the Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag was founded mainly with a view to continuing its publication. In 1919, Karl Abraham and Eduard Hitschmann joined the editorial committee and the term "ärtzliche" (medical) was dropped from the title, which thus became Internationale Zeitschrift für Psychoanalyse.
In 1920 Otto Rank, as director of the Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag, became the chief editor, assisted by the members of the editorial team, who changed from year to year. Following his dispute with Freud, Rank lost all his official functions, including editorship of the review. In 1925 Max Eitingon, Sándor Radó, and Sándor Ferenczi replaced him as the new chief editors.
As soon as World War I came to an end, it became increasingly obvious that psychoanalysis was giving rise to an unexpected and growing interest in the world, particularly in Anglo-Saxon countries, so much so that a central purely German-language publication could no longer meet demands. For this reason Ernest Jones, with the support of Sigmund Freud, founded an English-language counterpart of the Internationale Zeitschrift für (ärtzliche) Psychoanalyse, the International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, which published abstracts and translations of articles in reciprocal collaboration with the Internationale Zeitschrift für (ärtzliche) Psychoanalyse and Imago.
The National Socialist rise to power in Austria in March, 1938, signaled the immediate suspension of the review. United with Imago, it appeared under the title Internationale Zeitschrift für Psychoanalyse und Imago from 1939 to 1941 during its exile in London. The German Reich's policy of destruction and the events of the war made it impossible to continue to publish the review in German. The International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, published in London and supported by many exiles, then took its place.
See also: Heller, Hugo; International Journal of Psychoanalysis, The ; Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag; Zentralblatt für Psychoanalyse .
——. (1993 [1908-39]). The Complete correspondence of Sigmund Freud and Ernest Jones, 1908-1939, (R.A. Paskauskas, Ed.). London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
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