Lovell v. City of Griffin 303 U.S. 444 (1938)
LOVELL v. CITY OF GRIFFIN 303 U.S. 444 (1938)
A municipal ordinance prohibited the distribution of circulars or any other literature within Griffin without a permit from the city manager. Chief Justice charles evans hughes, for a unanimous Court, held the Griffin ordinance unconstitutional. The ordinance provided no standards to guide the city manager's decision. To vest an official with absolute discretion to issue or deny a permit was an unconstitutional prior restraint that violated the first amendment. Because the ordinance was invalid on its face, Lovell was entitled to distribute her literature without seeking a permit, and to challenge the ordinance's validity when she was charged with its violation.
Richard E. Morgan
"Lovell v. City of Griffin 303 U.S. 444 (1938)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 17, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lovell-v-city-griffin-303-us-444-1938
"Lovell v. City of Griffin 303 U.S. 444 (1938)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Retrieved January 17, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lovell-v-city-griffin-303-us-444-1938
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.