Lodge, Henry Cabot (1850–1924)
LODGE, HENRY CABOT (1850–1924)
A Harvard-trained lawyer who also earned the Ph.D. degree in history, Henry Cabot Lodge was elected three times to the house of representatives and six times to the United States senate from Massachusetts. He was a close friend of President theodore roosevelt and a national leader of the Republican party.
During his second term in Congress Lodge introduced a bill that would have provided for federal supervision of elections in order to protect the voting rights of black citizens in southern states. But he was wary of such Progressive innovations as women's suffrage and the direct election of senators. He advocated the constant expansion of the United States through the annexation of Hawaii and other island territories, and he supported the Spanish American War because it promised to lead to annexation of the Philippine Islands. During Roosevelt's administration Lodge was a leading congressional supporter of the Panama Canal project.
In 1918, Lodge used his position as chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee to lead the fight against the Treaty of Versailles. He based his opposition to the League of Nations, a key element of the treaty, on the unconstitutionality of commiting American military forces to combat without the express consent of Congress.
Lodge was known during his lifetime as "the scholar in politics." His vision of an American constitutionalism that was both conservative and nationalistic was presented, in part, in his biographies of george washington, alexander hamilton, and daniel webster.
Dennis J. Mahoney
"Lodge, Henry Cabot (1850–1924)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lodge-henry-cabot-1850-1924
"Lodge, Henry Cabot (1850–1924)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Retrieved April 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lodge-henry-cabot-1850-1924
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.