Frazee v. Illinois Department of Employment Security 489 U.S. 829 (1989)
FRAZEE v. ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT SECURITY 489 U.S. 829 (1989)
This case expanded the protection of the free-exercise clause of the first amendment by allowing a Christian to refuse work on the Sabbath without being denied unemployment benefits. Earlier, the Court had held that such benefits may not be denied to persons whose religious beliefs obligated them to refuse work on the Sabbath, but in all the precedents, such as sherbert v verner (1963), the claimant had belonged to a religious sect or particular church. Frazee was not a member of either and did not rely on a specific religious tenet. The Illinois courts therefore upheld the denial to him of unemployment compensation.
Unanimously, the Supreme Court sustained Frazee's free-exercise right. He had asserted that he was a Christian, and no authority had challenged his sincerity. As a Christian, he felt that working on Sunday was wrong. The Court held that a professing Christian, even if not a church-goer or member of a sect, was protected by the free-exercise clause from having to choose between his or her religious belief and unemployment compensation. Denial of compensation violated the clause.
Leonard W. Levy
"Frazee v. Illinois Department of Employment Security 489 U.S. 829 (1989)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.
"Frazee v. Illinois Department of Employment Security 489 U.S. 829 (1989)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/frazee-v-illinois-department-employment-security-489-us-829-1989
"Frazee v. Illinois Department of Employment Security 489 U.S. 829 (1989)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Retrieved November 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/frazee-v-illinois-department-employment-security-489-us-829-1989
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.