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Jewish religious faction affirming the strict and literal application of Biblical law. This faction includes religious extremists who are hostile to the state of Israel because, believing that Jews should have waited for the Messiah to proclaim it, they see it as a secular abomination. In accordance with their interpretation of strict Halakhah, some are hostile to those who recognize the state and work and lobby for its governance, and some believe that all the occupied territories should be retained in fulfillment of what they understand as God's promise.

SEE ALSO Lubavitcher Hasidim; Neturei Karta; Satmar.

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