Skip to main content

Sharm Al-Shaykh Summits


Situated south of the Sinai Peninsula, in Egypt, Sharm al-Shaykh has hosted several international meetings in the framework of the Israeli-Arab peace process. From 13 to 16 March 1996, under the sponsorship of U.S. president Bill Clinton, an international meeting on terrorism took place there, presented as the "summit of the peacemakers." Concerned by the terrorism unleashed against Israeli urban populations in early 1996—which, together with the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin in November 1995, had dangerously shaken the peace process—the twenty-nine leaders attending this summit, of which some twenty were heads of governments, were determined to formulate a common strategy in the struggle against terrorism. Following this meeting President Clinton went to Israel, where he finalized the U.S. Israeli accord on Islamic terrorism, providing for aid to Israel in the amount of 100 million dollars. To implement the resolutions made at this summit, a conference was organized at Washington for the following 30 March.

From 16 to 18 October 2000, a new summit was held at Sharm al-Sheikh eighteen days after the outbreak of the al-Aqsa Intifada in the Palestinian territories. In addition to Yasir Arafat and Ehud Barak, U.S. President Clinton, King Abdallah II of Jordan, European Union representative Javier Solana, UN secretary general Kofi Annan, and Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak attended this meeting. No accord was signed between the parties. Ehud Barak and Yasir Arafat committed themselves publicly to call for an end to the violence, to take concrete measures to end the current confrontations, and to prevent the recurrence of the recent events. The United States agreed, with the concurrence of the UN, to set up a fact-finding committee on the events of the preceding few weeks, a step that led to the Mitchell Report. On the following 27 December, a meeting between Yasir Arafat and Ehud Barak, scheduled to take place the next day at Sharm al-Sheikh, had to be canceled because of opposition that was mounting in both camps against the Clinton Plan known as "parameters for peace."

SEE ALSO Aqsa, Intifada, al-; Clinton, William Jefferson; Clinton Plan; Mitchell Report; Sharm al-Shaykh Memorandum.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Sharm Al-Shaykh Summits." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . 18 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Sharm Al-Shaykh Summits." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . (April 18, 2019).

"Sharm Al-Shaykh Summits." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . Retrieved April 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.