Road Map (2002)
ROAD MAP (2002)
American-sponsored proposal for an Israeli-Palestinian peace settlement put forth by the so-called Quartet (the United States, the European Union, the United Nations and Russia) in April 2003; it was formally accepted by both sides, but never implemented. A revised version of a proposal floated, at the urging of British prime minister Tony Blair, in September 2002. The Road Map was issued as the United States and Britain took up the occupation of Iraq following the initial phase of the Iraq War of 2003, which had been justified, in part, as a step toward a general peace in the Middle East. The Road Map provided for the creation of a Palestinian state by 2005. It called for the Palestinians, again, to recognize Israel's right to exist; to renounce violence; and to reform the Palestinian Authority (PA), specifically to create the position of prime minister (to allow Israel to negotiate with someone other than Yasir Arafat). It called for Israel to remove curfews and roadblocks in the occupied territories; freeze settlement activity; dismantle "illegal" settlements (not defined; under international law all the settlements are illegal); and withdraw from territory seized from Palestinian autonomous areas since the beginning of the al-Aqsa Intifada in 2000. The Road Map was accepted by the PA, and a prime minister, Mahmud Rida Abbas (Abu Mazen), was appointed. The Israeli government of prime minister Ariel Sharon, fundamentally opposed to giving up any occupied territory or settlements, as well as to allowing a sovereign Palestinian state, publicly accepted the Road Map with reservations, but did nothing to implement it. Since then both sides have continued activities in violation of the Road Map and little progress has been achieved. In February 2004 Sharon announced his own plan of "unilateral disengagement" from the Gaza Strip, which involved dismantling Israeli settlements there and moving the approximately 7,500 to 8,000 settlers to the West Bank, while also removing four settlements in the West Bank. In September Sharon announced that he would not follow the Road Map, and added that once the disengagement from Gaza is complete, "it is very possible . . . there will be a long period when nothing else happens."
"Road Map (2002)." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/road-map-2002
"Road Map (2002)." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . Retrieved April 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/road-map-2002
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.