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Geneva Peace Conference


Peace Conference in the Middle East that took place in Geneva, Switzerland, from 21 to 22 December 1973, under the aegis of the United Nations and the sponsorship of the United States and the Soviet Union. Gathering the foreign ministers of Egypt, Israel, Jordan, the United States, and the Soviet Union, the conference met to find a solution to the Israeli-Arab conflict in general and to sort out the consequences of the Yom Kippur War of 1973 in particular. Several encounters took place after this first meeting; then the Geneva Conference was reconvened on 31 May 1974, for the signing of a Syrian-Israeli accord on the disengagement of Israeli forces from the Golan Heights. On 4 September 1975, a second disengagement agreement was signed in Geneva, between Egypt and Israel. These accords would be followed by those of Camp David (September 1978), then by the Israeli-Egyptian Peace Treaty (March 1979).

SEE ALSO Arab-Israel War (1973); Camp David Accords; Golan Heights.

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