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millet

millet, common name for several species of grasses cultivated mainly for cereals in the Eastern Hemisphere and for forage and hay in North America. The principal varieties are the foxtail, pearl, and barnyard millets and the proso millet, called also broomcorn millet and hog millet. Much millet is grown in China, India, Manchuria, the USSR, and Africa. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) comprises 90% of the millets grown in the United States. Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum) is the chief cereal in parts of Asia and Africa; in the United States it is used for feeding poultry and cage birds. Millet seeds or grain have served man and domestic animals as food (e.g., groats) since ancient times. The plant is known to have been grown by the lake dwellers of Switzerland in the Stone Age, and it was sown by the Chinese in religious ceremonies as early as 2700 BC Millets are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Gramineae.

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millet

millet Cereal of a number of species of Gramineae smaller than wheat and rice and high in fibre content. Common millet (Panicum and Selaria spp.) also known as China, Italian, Indian, French hog, proso, panicled, and broom corn millet grows very rapidly, 2–2½ months from sowing to harvest. Protein 10%, fat 2.5%, carbohydrate 73%.

Red, finger, South Indian millet, coracan, or ragi is Eleusine coracana. Protein 6%, fat 1.5%, carbohydrate 75%.

Bulrush millet, pearl millet, bajoa, or Kaffir manna corn is Pennisetum typhoideum or P. americanum; the staple food in poor parts of India. Protein 11%, fat 5%, carbohydrate 69%.

Other species are foxtail millet (Setaria italica); hungry rice (Digitaria exilis), jajeo millet (Acroceras amplectens), Kodo or haraka millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum), teff (Eragrostis tefor, E. abyssinica). See also sorghum.

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millet

mil·let / ˈmilit/ • n. a fast-growing cereal plant that is widely grown in warm countries and regions with poor soils. The numerous small seeds are used to make flour or alcoholic drinks. • Several species in the family Gramineae, in particular common millet (Panicum miliaceum), of temperate regions, the tropical finger millet (Eleusine caracana), which is a staple in parts of Africa and India, and pearl millet.

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millet

millet Cereal grass that produces small, edible seeds. The stalks have flower spikes and the hulled seeds are white. In Russia, w Africa, and Asia, it is a staple food. In w Europe, it is used mainly for pasture or hay. Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) grows in poor soils, and is used as food in India and Africa. Height: 1m (39in). Family Poaceae/Gramineae.

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millet

millet XIV. — (O)F. millet, dim. of (dial.) mil :- L. milium, rel. to Gr. melĺ̄nē, Lith. málnos pl.

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Millet

Millet (non-Muslims): see DHIMMA.

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millet

millet See PANICUM.

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millet

milletmallet, palette, pallet, valet •tablet • pamphlet • aglet • anklet •candlelit • hamlet •Caplet, chaplet •lamplit • flatlet • mantlet •haslet, Hazlitt •scarlet, Scarlett, starlet, starlit, varlet •armlet • lancelet • branchlet •martlet, tartlet •plantlet • pellet • reglet • necklet •playlet • lakelet • bracelet •platelet, statelet •wavelet • leaflet • eaglet • streamlet •billet, filet, fillet, millet, skillet, willet •driblet, triblet •piglet • singlet • gimlet • inlet •kinglet, ringlet, springlet, winglet •ripplet, triplet •wristlet •eyelet, islet, stylet, twilit •pikelet •collet, Smollett, wallet •goblet • rodlet •omelette (US omelet) • droplet •torchlit •corselet, corselette •gauntlet (US gantlet) • owlet •townlet • toadlet • notelet • toilet •moonlit • sextuplet • fruitlet •bullet, pullet •booklet, brooklet, hooklet •quadruplet • annulet • septuplet •rivulet • quintuplet •gullet, mullet •doublet • floodlit •runlet, sunlit •couplet • cutlet • frontlet • violet •coverlet • circlet • verselet

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