Millgate, Michael (Henry) 1929-
MILLGATE, Michael (Henry) 1929-
PERSONAL: Born July 19, 1929, in Southampton, England; son of Stanley (a civil servant) and Marjorie Louisa (Norris) Millgate; married Eunice Jane Barr (a university teacher), February 27, 1960. Education: St. Catharine's College, Cambridge, B.A., 1952, M.A., 1956; University of Michigan, graduate study, 1956-57; University of Leeds, Ph.D., 1960.
ADDRESSES: Home—1 Balmoral Ave., Toronto, Ontario M4V 3B9, Canada.
CAREER: Workers' Educational Association, tutor and organizer in South Lindsey, England, 1953-56; University of Leeds, Leeds, England, lecturer in English literature, 1958-64; York University, Downs-view, Ontario, Canada, professor of English and chair of the department, 1964-67; University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, professor of English, 1967-94, professor emeritus, 1994—; John Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, educational advisory board member, 1994-2004. Ohio Wesleyan University, Carpenter lecturer, 1978; Meiji University, visiting scholar, 1985. Military service: Royal Air Force, 1947-49.
MEMBER: Modern Language Association, Victorian Studies Association of Ontario (president, 1970-72), Thomas Hardy Society (vice president, 1973), Bibliographical Society of America, Society for Study of Southern Literature (executive council, 1972-76, 1981-83), Society for Textual Scholarship, Tennyson Society.
AWARDS, HONORS: Leave fellow, Canada Council, 1968-69, S. W. Brooks fellow, University of Queensland, 1971; grantee, Canada Council 1973-77; Killam Senior Research scholarship, 1974-76; John Simon Guggenheim Memorial fellow, 1977-78; grantee, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, 1977, leave fellow, 1981-82; Connaught senior fellow, 1979-80; fellow, Royal Society of Canada, 1981—, Pierre Chauveau Medal, 1999; fellow, Royal Society of Literature, 1983—; Killam Research fellowship, 1986-88.
American Social Fiction: James to Cozzens, Barnes & Noble (New York, NY), 1964.
(Author of introduction) Edith Wharton, The House ofMirth, Constable (London, England), 1966.
Thomas Hardy: His Career As a Novelist, Random House (New York, NY), 1971, St. Martin's Press (New York, NY), 1994.
Thomas Hardy: A Biography, Random House (New York, NY), 1982.
Testamentary Acts: Browning, Tennyson, James, Hardy, Oxford University Press (New York, NY), 1992.
Faulkner's Place, University of Georgia Press (Athens, GA), 1997.
Thomas Hardy: A Biography Revisited, Oxford University Press (New York, NY), 2004.
EDITOR, EXCEPT AS NOTED:
(And author of introduction) Alfred Tennyson, SelectedPoems, Oxford University Press (New York, NY), 1963.
(And author of introduction) Theodore Dreiser, SisterCarrie, Oxford University Press (New York, NY), 1965.
(And author of introduction, with Paul F. Mattheisen) Transatlantic Dialogue: Selected American Correspondence of Edmund Gosse, University of Texas Press (Austin, TX), 1965, UMI Publications, 1988.
(With James B. Meriwether) Lion in the Garden:Interviews with William Faulkner, 1926-1962, Random House (New York, NY), 1968.
(With Richard Little Purdy) The Collected Letters ofThomas Hardy, Oxford University Press (New York, NY), Volume 1: 1840-92, 1978, Volume 2: 1893-1901, 1980, Volume 3: 1902-08, 1982, Volume 4: 1909-13, 1984, Volume 5: 1914-19, 1985, Volume 6: 1920-25, 1987, Volume 7: 1926-27, 1988.
Thomas Hardy, The Life and Work of Thomas Hardy, Macmillan (London, England), 1984, University of Georgia Press (Athens, GA), 1985.
(Arranger and author of introduction) William Faulkner, William Faulkner Manuscripts 20: A Fable, Garland Publishing (New York, NY), 1986.
(Arranger and author of introduction) William Faulkner, William Faulkner Manuscripts 21: The Town, Garland Publishing (New York, NY), 1986.
(Arranger and author of introduction) William FaulknerManuscripts 22: The Mansion, Garland Publishing (New York, NY), 1987.
(Arranger and author of introduction) William FaulknerManuscripts 23: The Reivers, Garland Publishing (New York, NY), 1987.
(And author of introduction) New Essays on "Light inAugust," Cambridge University Press, 1987 (Cambridge, England).
Thomas Hardy: Selected Letters, Oxford University Press (New York, NY), 1990.
(With Pamela Dalziel) Thomas Hardy's Studies,Specimens and Notebook, Oxford University Press (New York, NY), 1994.
Letters of Emma and Florence Hardy, Oxford University Press, 1996 (New York, NY).
Thomas Hardy's Public Voice: The Essays, Speeches, and Miscellaneous Prose, Oxford University Press (New York, NY), 2001.
Also contributor of articles on English and American literature and of reviews to journals.
SIDELIGHTS: A scholar of English and American literature, Michael Millgate is frequently noted for his extensively researched writing and editing concerning the life and works of William Faulkner and Thomas Hardy. His book Thomas Hardy: A Biography has received praise from critics such as New York Times reviewer Anatole Broyard, who wrote: "Mr. Millgate is the kind of biographer writers dream of. He gives us all the necessary details; but none of the gratuitous ones." Robert E. Keuhn described the biography in a Chicago Tribune Book Review article as being "a magnificent biography—learned, thorough, judicious, sympathetic, in every sense definitive."
In an effort to shed more light into the very private man, Millgate edited Thomas Hardy's Public Voice, which includes numerous uncollected pieces. Choice reviewer R. D. Morrison praised the book for its contribution to Hardy studies, commenting that it "provides new insights into the opinions of a writer usually considered deeply private."
Review of English Studies critic J. R. Watson described Millgate's study of the self-fashioning behavior of authors in Testamentary Acts: Browning, Tennyson, James, Hardy by writing, "It is the combination of out-of-the-way facts, literary judgment, and human sympathy, which makes this a remarkable book." Millgate is also considered to be one of the foremost critics and interpreters of Faulkner's fiction, and the issue of Faulkner's standing in the ranks of the masters of fiction is the subject of Faulkner's Place. This work is a series of eight essays which had previously been delivered by Millgate on various occasions. University of Toronto Quarterly reviewer David Minter commented, "It is to the ongoing and even accelerating process of assessment and interpretation of Faulkner's fiction that Faulkner's Place makes its important contribution."
BIOGRAPHICAL AND CRITICAL SOURCES:
American Review, September, 1998, review of Faulkner's Place, p. 695.
Chicago Tribune Book World, May 23, 1982.
Choice, April, 2002, R. D. Morrison, review of ThomasHardy's Public Voice: The Essays, Speeches, and Miscellaneous Prose, p. 1422.
Journal of English and Germanic Philology, William M. Morgan, review of Thomas Hardy's Studies, Specimens and Notebook, p. 581.
Los Angeles Times, June 4, 1982, October 13, 1985.
Mississippi Quarterly, summer, 1999, Christoph Irmscher and Roy R. Behrens, review of Faulkner's Place, p. 511.
Modern Language Review, April, 2000, Pamela Knights, review of Faulkner's Place, p. 493. New Yorker, June 15, 1968.
New York Times, May 12, 1982.
New York Times Book Review, June 30, 1968; May 9, 1982.
Review of English Studies, May, 1995, J. R. Watson, review of Testamentary Acts: Browning, Tennyson, James, Hardy, p. 286; May, 1996, Catherine Maxwell, review of Thomas Hardy's Studies, Specimens and Notebook, p. 280.
Sewanee Review, April, 1995, review of TestamentaryActs, p. 309.
Times Literary Supplement, July 16, 1982; September 10, 1982; March 23, 1984; June 7, 1985; July 3, 1987; June 7, 2002, John Lucas, review of Thomas Hardy's Public Voice, p. 24.
University of Toronto Quarterly, winter, 1998, David Minter, review of Faulkner's Place, pp. 520-522.