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pike (in zoology)

pike, common name for the family Esocidae, freshwater game and food fishes of Europe, Asia, and North America. The pike, the muskellunge, and the pickerel form a small but well-known group of long, thin fishes with spineless dorsal fins, large anal fins, and long, narrow jaws with formidable teeth. There are several species in the single genus Esox, found in the lakes and streams of central and E North America. The muskellunge, named by the Native Americans, is the largest of these, averaging from 2 to 7 ft (61–213.5 cm) in length and from 10 to 20 lb (4.5 to 9 kg) in weight, though some may reach 60 lb (27 kg). Carnivorous and solitary except at spawning time, muskellunges feed on fish, frogs, snakes, and even the young of aquatic mammals and waterfowl. The northern or great northern pike, E. lucius, called jackfish in Canada and pike in Europe, is also voracious, lurking in weedy shallows to ambush its prey. This pike is said to consume one fifth of its own weight (10–35 lb or 4.5–16 kg) daily. Although a prized game fish in its native habitat, it has been reviled as a pest with the potential to devastate other game species in areas where it has been introduced. The pickerels are smaller members of the family. The grass and redfin pickerels, subspecies of the American pickerel, rarely exceed 1 ft (30 cm) in length and 1 lb (.45 kg) in weight; the large chain, or eastern, pickerel is found in clear lakes and streams together with bass. Pikes are stubborn fighters and are valued as game fishes; their flesh, though bony, is delicious. The walleyed pike is a perch. Pikes are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Esociformes, family Esocidae.

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pike

pike1 / pīk/ • n. (pl. same) a long-bodied predatory freshwater fish (genus Esox, family Esocidae) with a pointed snout and large teeth, of North America and Eurasia. Its five species include the widespread northern pike (E. lucius). ∎  any fish with similar characteristics, such as the walleye. pike2 • n. hist. an infantry weapon with a pointed steel or iron head on a long wooden shaft. ∎ chiefly Brit. (in names) a hill with a peaked top: Scafell pike. • v. [tr.] hist. kill or thrust (someone) through with a pike. pike3 • n. short for turnpike. PHRASES: come down the pike appear on the scene; come to notice. pike4 (also pike position) • n. [often as adj.] a position in diving or gymnastics in which the body is bent at the waist but the legs remain straight.

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Pike

Pike in California and other Pacific states of the US, a name given in the 19th century to a perceived class of poor white migrants from the southern states of the US; the name comes from Pike County, Missouri, from which the first people of this kind were said to have come to California.

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pike

pike Predatory, freshwater fish found in e North America and parts of Europe and Asia. It has a shovel-shaped mouth and a mottled, elongated body. Length: to 137.2cm (54in); weight: to 20.9kg (46lb) Family Esocidae; genus Esox.

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pike

pike1 large voracious freshwater fish. XIV. perh. of OE. date (being perh. repr. XI in place-names), and identical with OE. pīc point, pick, the fish being so named from its pointed jaw.

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pike

pike2 weapon consisting of a long wooden shaft with pointed head. XVI. — (O)F. pique.

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pike (road)

pike, in U.S. history: see turnpike.

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pike

pike Freshwater fish, Esox lucius.

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pike (weapon)

pike, weapon: see spear.

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pike

pike3 short for TURNPIKE. XIX.

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pike

pike See ESOCIDAE.

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pike

pikealike, bike, dyke, haik, hike, kike, like, mic, mike, mislike, pike, psych, psyche, shrike, spike, strike, trike, tyke, Van Dyck, vandyke •pushbike • motorbike • Klondike •Thorndike • Updike • hitchhike •crablike • lamblike •fanlike, manlike, panlike •trap-like • catlike • starlike • calf-like •glass-like, grass-like •branch-like • plant-like • thread-like •gem-like • deathlike • waiflike •vein-like • wraithlike • fiendlike •leaf-like • dreamlike • queen-like •sheeplike • witchlike • sylphlike •piglike •springlike, string-like, wing-like •lip-like • princelike • ladylike •businesslike • lifelike • childlike •Christlike, vice-like •knob-like •godlike, rod-like •doglike • rock-like • swanlike •foxlike • warlike • lord-like •horselike • globe-like •dome-like, homelike •ghostlike • rose-like • toylike •root-like • tooth-like • hood-like •wolf-like • hook-like •wool-like • suchlike • sponge-like •nunlike, sunlike •dovelike • lion-like • flower-like •soundalike • lookalike •statesmanlike • seamanlike •sportsmanlike • womanlike •workmanlike • fatherlike • worm-like •handspike • garpike • marlinspike •turnpike

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