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elk

elk, name applied to several large members of the deer family. It most properly designates the largest member of the family, Alces alces, found in the northern regions of Eurasia and North America. In North America this animal is called moose. The name elk is used in North America to designate a different animal, the wapiti, closely related to the red deer of Europe. The prehistoric Irish elk, Megaceros giganteus, is still another species, related to the fallow deer. It was found in Europe and W Asia in Pleistocene and early Holocene times and had an 11-ft (3.3-m) antler span, the largest of any deer. All animals called elk are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Cervidae.

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elk

elk / elk/ • n. 1. (pl. same or elks ) a red deer (Cervus canadensis) of a large race native to North America. Also called wapiti. ∎  British term for moose. 2. (Elk) (pl. Elks) a member of a fraternal organization, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks.

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elk

elk XV. prob. repr. OE. e(o)lh. OE. had also ēola (:- *eolha), cogn. with OHG. elaho (G. elch), repr. IE. *elk-, beside *olkis, whence Gmc. *alʒiz (ON. elgr) and CSlav. *olsĭ (Russ. los', OPol. łoś elk); cf. L. alcēs pl. and Gr. álkē — Gmc.

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elk

elk Name of two different species of deer: the European elk (Alces alces), known in North America as the moose; and the American elk, or wapiti. The elk, found in n Eurasia, is the largest of all deer. Height at the shoulder: to 1.9m (6ft); weight: 820kg (1800lb). Family Cervidae.

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elk

elk
1. N. American form of Cervus elaphus (red deer, wapiti).

2. (moose, Alces alces) See CERVIDAE.

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elk

elkcalque, talc •catafalque •elk, whelk •bilk, ilk, milk, silk •Liebfraumilch • buttermilk • volk •bulk, hulk, skulk, sulk

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