Baldwin

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Baldwin (d. 1190). Archbishop of Canterbury. Native of Exeter, after a spell as archdeacon of Totnes, where he became a celebrated canonist, Baldwin entered the Cistercian monastery at Ford, Devonshire (c.1170), becoming abbot and then bishop of Worcester (1180). He was Henry II's own choice as archbishop in 1184, after an election disputed by the Benedictine monks of Canterbury whose hostility he soon provoked in a struggle famous throughout Europe. He took the cross (1188), preaching the crusade in Wales with ‘the energy and style of Bernard of Clairvaux’. Henry sent him unsuccessfully to patch up a peace with Philip Augustus, as a prelude to the crusade. After attending Henry on his death-bed and crowning Richard I, he set out for the East. Heading the English advance guard, he arrived at the siege of Acre (October 1190), deputized for Patriarch Heraclius, but died soon after.

Revd Dr William M. Marshall

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Baldwin

Baldwin, American firm of instrument makers. The firm was founded by Dwight Hamilton Baldwin (b. North East, Pa., Sept. 15, 1821; d. Cincinnati, Aug. 23, 1899), a minister and school singing teacher, in Cincinnati in 1862. In 1866 Lucien Wulsin (b. 1845; d. Aug. 4, 1912) joined the firm as a clerk. In 1873 he became a partner and the firm became D.H. Baldwin & Co. The company established its reputation as a dealer in keyboard instruments. In 1889 its subsidiary, the Hamilton Organ Co. of Chicago, began to make reed organs. Another subsidiary, the Baldwin Piano Co. of Cincinnati, began making a line of affordable upright pianos in 1891. Wulsin purchased control of the company with another partner, George W. Armstrong Jr. (b. Cincinnati, Aug. 18, 1857; d. there, June 27, 1932), in 1903. Wulsin headed the company until his death, and then Armstrong led it from 1912 to 1926. Lucien Wulsin Jr. (b. Cincinnati, March 17, 1889; d. there, Jan. 13, 1964), was head of the company from 1926 until his death. In 1947 the Baldwin electronic organ was introduced for church and home use. The company took control of the Bechstein piano firm of Berlin in 1963. In 1965 the company introduced the Baldwin SD-10 concert grand piano. The company became one of the largest of its kind through its production of a broad range of instruments.

—Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

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