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Mégara

Mégara (mĕ´gərə, –gärä), town (1991 pop. 25,061), E central Greece, on the Saronic Gulf. Wine, olive oil, and flour are produced. It is the site of the ancient town of Mégara, the capital of Mégaris, a small district between the Gulf of Corinth and the Saronic Gulf. The Dorians who succeeded the earliest known inhabitants made Mégara a wealthy city by means of maritime trade, and they founded many colonies, including, in the 7th cent. BC, Chalcedon and Byzantium. After the Persian Wars the citizens of Mégara summoned the aid of Athens against Corinth (459 BC), but soon thereafter expelled the Athenians. The mathematician Euclid was probably born in Mégara.

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Euclid of Megara

Euclid of Megara (yōō´klĬd, mĕg´ərə), c.450–c.375 BC, Greek philosopher, a disciple of Socrates and traditional founder of the Megarian school. He combined the Eleatic doctrine of the unity of being with the Socratic teaching that virtue is knowledge. He held that the idea of the good is the sole reality.

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Sciron

Sciron in Greek mythology, a brigand on the cliff road from Athens to Megara; he forced travellers to wash his feet, and then kicked them into the sea. He was killed by Theseus who threw him over the cliff.

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