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Belo Horizonte

Belo Horizonte (bəl´ŏŏrēzôN´tĬ) [Port.,=beautiful horizon], city (1996 pop. 2,091,770), capital of Minas Gerais state, E Brazil. The distribution and processing center of a rich agricultural and mining region, Belo Horizonte is the nucleus of a burgeoning industrial complex; its chief industries are furniture, textiles, food processing, and publishing. Belo Horizonte is also a transportation hub, with direct highway connections with Brasília, São Paulo, and Rio de Janeiro. A small airport is located in Pampulha, a suburb.

Belo Horizonte was Brazil's first planned metropolis and was built (1895–97) to replace Ouro Prêto as the state capital. With its wide, tree-lined avenues, skyscrapers, and spacious parks, and with its beautiful surroundings and bracing climate, Belo Horizonte is a fashionable resort. It is also a leading cultural center, with museums, universities, libraries, and sports stadiums. The Church of São Francisco, designed by Oscar Niemeyer and with paintings by Candido Portinari, is famous. A new state administrative complex, also designed by Niemeyer, opened on the city's outskirts in 2010.

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Belo Horizonte

Belo Horizonte City in e Brazil; capital of Minas Gerais state. Built in 1895–97, it was Brazil's first planned city. Today, it is a popular resort, and distribution and processing centre for a prosperous farming and mining region whose mineral deposits include iron ore, manganese and diamonds. Industries: steel, textiles, cement. Pop. (2000) 2,229,697.

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