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Reykjavík Capital of Iceland, a port on the sw coast. Founded in c.870, it was the island's first permanent settlement. It expanded during the 18th century, and became the capital in 1918. During World War II, it served as a British and US air base. Industries: food processing, fishing, textiles, metallurgy, printing and publishing, shipbuilding. Pop. (2000) 111,345.

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