Novosibirsk City on the River Ob, s Siberia, Russia. Founded in 1896 after the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway, it grew quickly. During World War II it received complete industrial plants moved from war-stricken areas of the w Soviet Union. It is now a centre for scientific research. Industries: agricultural and mining machinery, metallurgy, machine tools, chemicals, textiles, furniture. Pop. (1999 est.) 1,399,000.
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