SAINT-LÔ a town in France of about ten thousand people that marked the opening of the American invasion of German-held Normandy during World War II. Gen. Omar N. Bradley's First U.S. Army initiated the battle in the Cotentin peninsula on 4 July 1944, and closed it, after taking forty thousand casualties, on 18 July, with the capture of Saint-Lô. One week later, Bradley launched Operation Cobra with the support of heavy bombers and broke the German defenses in Normandy. Allied forces spilled through the opening and by September had pushed the German forces to the Siegfried Line.
Aron, Robert. France Reborn: The History of the Liberation, June 1944–May 1945. New York: Scribner, 1964.
Blumenson, Martin. The Duel for France, 1944: The Men and Battles That Changed the Fate of Europe. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2000.
Martin Blumenson / a. r.
See also Armored Vehicles ; D Day ; Normandy Invasion .
"Saint-Lô." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/saint-lo
"Saint-Lô." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved April 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/saint-lo
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.
Saint-Lô (săN-lō), town (1990 pop. 22,819), capital of Manche dept., NW France, in Normandy. It is an agricultural center and has famous horse stables. Wood products, plaster, and clothing are manufactured. An old Gallo-Roman town, Saint-Lô was a medieval fortress and was the scene of a massacre of Huguenots in the 16th cent. Saint-Lô has been rebuilt since its virtual destruction during the Allied invasion of Normandy in 1944.
"Saint-Lô." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/saint-lo
"Saint-Lô." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/saint-lo