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Tārā

Tārā (Skt. ‘Star’, Tib. sgrol.ma or drolma ‘She who saves’; possibly from Skt., tārayati, ‘crossing, transcending’). Tibet's most important deity. She is a bodhisattva who for many Tibetans has already become a Buddha, having vowed—on being advised of the spiritual advantages of male rebirth—never to relinquish her female form. Tārā has the epithet ‘mother of all the Buddhas’, and is viewed with great affection by Tibetans. Originally she was a Tantric deity, prominent in 7th-cent. tantras. By the 8th cent. her cult was established at Borobodur in Java, in itself showing the early extent of Tantric influence. Although her appearance in Tibet has been noted as 8th cent., it was not until the arrival of Atiśa in 1042 that worship of Tārā became widespread.

Tibetan Buddhism recognizes twenty-one Tārās, according to the definitive text on her worship, Homages to the Twenty One Tārās, brought from India by Darmadra in the 11th cent. Each Tārā has a different function (averting disasters, wish-fulfilling, increasing wisdom, healing, etc.), each has a particular colour, mudrā, and mantra, and each emanates from Green Tārā as source. After the mantra of Chenrezi (om maṇi padme hum), the mantra of Tārā (om tāre tuttāre ture svāhā) is the most commonly heard on the lips of the Tibetan people.

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Tara

Tara (târ´ə), village, Co. Meath, E Republic of Ireland. The Hill of Tara (507 ft/155 m high) was the seat of the high kings of Ireland from ancient times until the 6th cent. and may have been the site of religious ceremonies in prehistoric times. A statue of St. Patrick, who preached there, is supposed to mark the location of the Lia Fail, the Coronation Stone of the ancient high kings (see under coronation). There are six raths (earthwork enclosures), the largest of which is 850 ft (259 m) in diameter. The hill was the scene of the defeat of the Danes in 980 and, some believe, the Irish insurgents in 1798, and of a mass meeting in 1843 addressed by Daniel O'Connell; hence its importance as a symbol of Irish nationalism.

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Tara

Tara a hill in County Meath in the Republic of Ireland, site in early times of the residence of the high kings of Ireland and still marked by ancient earthworks.

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Tara

Tarajarrah, para, Tara •abracadabra, Aldabra •Alhambra • Vanbrugh •Cassandra, Sandra •Aphra, Biafra •Niagara, pellagra, Viagra •bhangra, Ingres •Capra • Cleopatra •mantra, tantra, yantra •Basra •Asmara, Bukhara, carbonara, Carrara, cascara, Connemara, Damara, Ferrara, Gemara, Guadalajara, Guevara, Honiara, Lara, marinara, mascara, Nara, Sahara, Samara, samsara, samskara, shikara, Tamara, tiara, Varah, Zara •candelabra, macabre, sabra •Alexandra • Agra • fiacre •Chartres, Montmartre, Sartre, Sinatra, Sumatra •Shastra • Maharashtra • Le Havre •gurdwara •Berra, error, Ferrer, sierra, terror •zebra • ephedra • Porto Alegre •belles-lettres, Petra, raison d'être, tetra •Electra, plectra, spectra •Clytemnestra • extra •chèvre, Sèvres •Ezra

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TARA

TARA Technical Assistant, Royal Artillery
• Territorial Army Rifle Association

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