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Southwark, diocese of

Southwark, diocese of. The see, founded in 1905, is roughly conterminous with Greater London south of the Thames, with east and mid-Surrey; an area originally under Winchester, but after 1877 under Rochester. Notable bishops have been Cyril Garbett (1919–32) and Mervyn Stockwood (1959–81). Under Stockwood and his successive suffragan bishops of Woolwich, John Robinson (1959–69) and David Shepherd (1969–75), the diocese was regarded as avant-garde in many ecclesiastical fields, pastoral ministry, liturgical worship, and popularization of radical theology. Many claimed that ‘South Bank religion’ led the way in modernizing the Church of England. The cathedral is the former Augustinian priory church of St Mary Overie, founded in 1106 and the parish church after the dissolution. It is predominantly Early English in style with 19th-cent. renovation.

Revd Dr William M. Marshall

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Southwark

Southwark (sŭŧħ´ərk, south´wərk), inner borough (1991 pop. 196,500) of Greater London, SE England, on the Thames River. Printing, engineering, and furniture manufacture are the main industries. The Camberwell dist. of Southwark is mainly residential. The old Southwark area is situated at the convergence of roads to London. It had a number of famous inns, including the Tabard Inn; the George Inn (17th cent.), owned by the National Trust, is still in operation. The Bankside district of Southwark contains the Globe Theatre and other places associated with Shakespeare. It was also the location of the Clink Prison, once used for the detention of heretics. Dulwich College, a public school that opened in 1619, is located within the borough, as are notable art galleries, including the Tate Modern, the new London city hall, and the Shard, a pyramidal skyscraper that is one of Europe's tallest buildings (1,016 ft/309.6 m).

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