Montgomeryshire comprises the eastern sloping plateaux of the Cambrian mountains, broken by a series of valley lowlands along the river systems of the river Severn and its tributaries, the Banwy, Vyrnwy, and Clywedog. However, it extends across the mountain massif to include part of the western flowing Dyfi drainage. The deeper upper parts of the valley systems have been used to create reservoirs for water supply for north-west England, notably Lake Vyrnwy (1880–90) for Manchester. The more recent Llyn Clywedog (1968) is a regulator of river flow for downstream extraction. There was an early woollen industry in the towns of the Severn valley, and its demise, together with the closure of lead-mines and greater capitalization of agriculture, led to extensive depopulation. In response, Newtown was developed from 1967 under the New Towns Act and has a range of light industry.
Montgomery is pre-eminently border terrain; every aspect registers an east to west transition whether it be landscape, farming, or culture. Welsh is spoken by 23.3 per cent of the population but characteristically ranges from 4.6 per cent at Church Stoke on the border to 68.3 per cent at Llanbrynmair in the extreme west. In 1974 Montgomeryshire became a district in the county of Powys and was incorporated in the unitary authority of Powys in 1996. The population in 1991 was 51,527.
"Montgomeryshire." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/montgomeryshire
"Montgomeryshire." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved September 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/montgomeryshire
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Montgomeryshire, former county, central Wales. In 1974, Montgomeryshire became part of the nonmetropolitan county of Powys.
"Montgomeryshire." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/montgomeryshire
"Montgomeryshire." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved September 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/montgomeryshire