Arnhem

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Arnhem (är´nəm), Ger. Arnheim, city (1994 pop. 133,670), capital of Gelderland prov., E Netherlands, a port on the Lower Rhine. It is an industrial, transportation, and tourist center. Textiles, electrical equipment, metal goods, and ships are manufactured. First mentioned in the 9th cent., Arnhem was long the residence of the dukes of Gelderland. During World War II British airborne troops suffered (Sept., 1944) a serious defeat there (see also Eindhoven and Nijmegen). Nearby Arnhem is the renowned Kröller-Müller museum of modern art.

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Arnhem a town in the eastern Netherlands, situated on the River Rhine. During the Second World War, in September 1944, Allied airborne troops made a landing nearby but were overwhelmed by German forces (see also a bridge too far).

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Arnhem City in e central Netherlands. An important trading centre since medieval times, Arnhem was almost destroyed by an abortive Allied airborne attack in 1944. Industries: metallurgy, textiles, electrical equipment, chemicals. Pop. (2001) 139,360.