CAROLINE ISLANDS. In the American drive across the Central Pacific in World War II, Truk atoll, near the center of the Caroline Islands, was the target of attacks from carrier and land-based bombers in April 1944. Later that year, to protect the right flank of General Douglas MacArthur's return to the Philippines, key positions in the Palaus in the western Carolines were selected for amphibious landings. Pelelieu Island, strongly fortified and defended by about 13,000 Japanese, was assaulted on 15 September. Organized resistance ended on 27 November at the cost of almost 10,500 American casualties. Meanwhile, elements of the Eighty-first Infantry Division captured the neighboring island of Angaur and Ulithi atoll. Ulithi was promptly converted into a major U.S. naval base.
Haynes, William E. "On the Road to Tokio." Wisconsin Magazine of History 76, no. 1 (1992): 21–50.
Ross, Bill D. Peleliu: Tragic Triumph. New York: Random House, 1991.
Smith, Robert Ross. The Approach to the Philippines. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1996. The original edition was published in 1953.
Philip A.Crowl/a. r.