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Annam Former kingdom on e coast of Indochina, now in Vietnam; the capital was Hué. The ancient empire fell to China in 214 bc. It regained self-government but was again ruled by China from 939 to 1428. The French obtained missionary and trade agreements in 1787, and a protectorate was established (1883–84). During World War II it was occupied by the Japanese; in 1949 it was incorporated into the Republic of Vietnam.