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Zagros

Zagros (zăg´rŏs), mountain system of W Iran, extending c.1,100 mi (1,770 km) from the Turkish-Armenian frontier SE to the Strait of Hormuz, forming the western and southern border of the central Iranian plateau; rises to Mt. Sabalan, 15,592 ft (4,752 m) high. The Zagros vary from the rugged, forested, and snowcapped mountains of the northwest, with numerous volcanic cones and large basins (e.g., Lake Urmia), to the parallel ridge and valley system of the central portion, with lowland salt marshes, and the low, irregular southwest region, characterized by bare rock and sand dunes. The northern half of the Zagros is heavily populated, and the fertile valleys support agriculture. In the uplands of the central range, tribal pastoralism predominates. In the SE Zagros, dates and cereals are grown at oases. Kurds, Lurs, Bakhtiaris, Kashkais, and other nomads inhabit the mountains; some of the groups are now sedentary. Iran's great oil fields lie along the western foothills of the central Zagros, where salt domes have trapped huge amounts of oil. In antiquity the Zagros formed the boundary between Assyria and Media.

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Zagros

ZAGROS

Mountain range in Iran.

The Zagros mountain range is the largest in Iran, stretching for 1,400 miles (2,253 km) from Armenia in the former U.S.S.R. in the northwest to the Persian Gulf in the south, and thence eastward to Baluchistan. It consists of a number of parallel ranges, the highest peak of which rises to 14,000 feet (4,270 m). It separates the Iranian plateau from the plains of Mesopotamia and Iraq in the west and the Persian Gulf in the south. Together with the Elburz (also known as Alborz) ranges in the north, the Zagros was formed from the Paleozoic to the Pliocene period.

Bibliography


Wilber, Donald N. Iran: Past and PresentFrom Monarchy to Islamic Republic, 9th edition. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1981.

parvaneh pourshariati

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Zagros

Zagros Mountain range in s and sw Iran, extending c.900km (560mi) from the borders with Turkey and Armenia almost to the Persian Gulf. The topography varies from rugged peaks in the n to ridges and fertile valleys in the central region (producing cotton, tobacco, and fruits) and lowland marshes and rock in the s. One of the world's most productive oilfields is located in the w foothills. Zard Kuh is the highest peak, at 4548m (14,921ft).

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